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  • e reading

    Ereading provides teachers, parents, and motivated students with high-quality reading worksheetsactivities, and resources aligned with Common Core State Standards. The website uses a skill focused approach where each activity targets a specific skill set, but you can also browse the reading worksheets by grade level.

    The resources on the website cover a broad range of readingwriting, and language arts skills. The site has a growing collection of online reading activities. Everything is free for use by everyone.

    Click here to be directed to the Ereading website.

  • Phonics

    At Green Dragon Primary School we teach phonics using ‘Letters and Sounds’. 

    What is phonics?
    Phonics is the system of ‘blending’ sounds together to read, and ‘segmenting’ sounds to spell. They are both complimentary and interlinking skills that are taught together. You may hear your children use some vocabulary that you are not familiar with that they have learnt in their phonics lessons.

    A phoneme 
    Is the smallest unit of sound that we use in the English language. A phoneme can be made up of one letter as in the alphabet sounds – s, a, t, p, i, n etc, or two letters (a digraph) as in sh, ch, th, ay, ar, or three letters (trigraphs) as in air, ear, ure. Phonemes can not be broken down into separate sounds.

    A grapheme
    Is the way we spell a phoneme. A phoneme may have only one grapheme,for example ‘b’. Or may have several different spellings –for example or can be spelt ‘or’ in torn, ‘aw’ in claw, ‘au’ in naughty or ‘ore’ in more. The children will initially be introduced to one common grapheme for each phoneme, but as they progress through the school they will taught the less common spelling alternatives and encouraged to try and choose the correct grapheme for a particular word they are trying to spell.

    Consonant blends
    Are made up of two or three phonemes blended together quite quickly as we learn to read. Examples are sc, sm, bl, pr, str

    Short Vowel Sounds
    Are the vowels saying their sound as ‘a’ in c a t.

    Long Vowel Sounds
    Are the vowels saying their name as ‘ay’ in day, ‘oa’ in boat or ‘igh’ in night.

    How do we teach Phonics at Green Dragon  Primary School?

    We follow the Letters and Sounds programme Letters and Sounds is a phonics resource published by the Department for Education and Skills in 2007. It aims to build children’s speaking and listening skills in their own right as well as to prepare children for learning to read by developing their phonic knowledge and skills. It sets out a detailed and systematic programme for teaching phonic skills for children starting by the age of five, with the aim of them becoming fluent readers by age seven.

    There are six overlapping phases. Below is a summary based on the Letters and Sounds guidance for Practitioners and Teachers. For more detailed information, click here to visit the Letters and Sounds website.

    Phonic Knowledge and Skills

    Phase One 
    Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.

    Phase Two 
    Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting words into their separate sounds. Beginning to read simple captions.

    Phase Three
    The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Graphemes such as ch, oo, th representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. Reading captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the “simple code”, i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.

    Phase Four
    No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump.

    Phase Five 
    Now we move on to the “complex code”. Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.

    Phase Six 
    Working on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters etc.
    Recommended: the Synthetic Phonics Toolkit

  • Useful Phonics Websites for Parents

    Please click on the following link to view the Jolly phonics song, this would be great to play at home to help the children remember the sounds and the actions that go with them. https://vimeo.com/106231366

    http://www.phonicsplay.co.uk/ParentsMenu.htm

    • A selection of interactive games for all phonic phases. Mostly simple games.

    www.ictgames.com/literacy.html

    • A great selection of games that link well with games in Letters and Sounds.

    http://www.letters-and-sounds.com/

    • Printable resources for each of the Letters and Sounds phonic phases, also links to games aligned with each phase.

    https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/topics/zcqqtfr

    •  Activities for phases

    http://www.bigbrownbear.co.uk/magneticletters/

    • Make any words with this useful game.
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